In 1991, areas within the country of Yugoslavia
began to pull away and assert their independence. The first
areas to declare independence were Croatia and Slovenia. Other areas soon followed.
In 1992, an already fragmented Yugoslavia plunged into war. As a result of the
war, Yugoslavia separated into several independent nations. One is Bosnia-Herzegovina.
As the name implies, Bosnia-Herzegovina contains two regions - Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina is Sarajevo.
A second country is the new Yugoslavia,
which remains as a country in its own right, though it is much smaller than it
used to be. The new Yugoslavia is composed of Serbia and Montenegro.
Three other new independent states formed from the breakup. They are Croatia, Macedonia,
The war in the former Yugoslavia has drastically
impacted the lives of people living there.
The people of Bosnia-Herzegovina are
still working to rebuild and recreate and
their lives, a difficult task. The country
is a poor one. On a national level, the cost
of the country's imports outweighs the revenue
from its exports. On an individual level,
much of the population has a hard time earning
a living. Bosnia-Herzegovina is mostly rural,
and farming is an important industry. Most
of the farmland is found to the south of
the country, in the Herzegovina region. Bosnia
is a more mountainous region and is heavily
The Bosnia-Herzegovina region of Europe has
a strong tradition of Balkan
music. Recently, people have started to
use their music to help repair their war-torn
country. For example, the Pavarotti
Music Centre is using music therapy to
help children who were traumatized during the
Read more to learn about Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- Explore these sites for facts and
figures about Bosnia-Herzegovina:
- Listen to the national
anthem of Bosnia-Herzegovina
and read a translation of the words
in English, from Domovina Net.
- Explore the difficult process of choosing
a new flag for Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- Read about important events and
records set during the Winter Olympic
Games in Sarajevo
- Look at a number of pictures
about daily life in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- Let Information Please show you
a timeline of
More Countries (past
hosts of Olympic Games)